Low income families who do not qualify for a conventional fixed rate mortgage and do not want to risk an adjustable rate mortgage, may qualify for FHA loans. These are fixed rate mortgages from conventional lenders that are insured by the Federal Housing Administration. Insurance from the federal government allows lenders to loan to applicants who would not usually meet lending qualifications.
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Homeloans include a range of expenses that a loan applicant should be aware of. There is the principal, the original amount of the loan that is paid back monthly, interest, which is also paid back monthly, homeowners insurance, and real estate taxes. Mortgage insurance, to protect the lender, and closing costs may also be included. Closing costs are miscellaneous fees that must be paid before the loan can be closed, such as taxes, origination fees, lawyer fees, title insurance, etc.
The alternative to a fixed rate mortgage is an adjustable rate mortgage. The principal is liable to change based on the interest rate, which is varies with certain indexes, for example, the prime rate. This type of homeloan is usually taken on by homeowners with less than perfect credit, who do not qualify for most fixed rate loans.
The most common homeloan is a standard fixed rate mortgage. This type of mortgage has an established term and interest rate that do not change through out the time of the loan. Therefore, the exact amounts of the monthly payments, or principal, are known from the start and remain the same until the homeloan is repaid.